The Arctic is also known as the North Pole because yep, you guessed it, it’s at the North of the planet. Unsurprisingly, it’s absolutely freezing, with an average winter temperature of -30°C.
The most famous resident of the Arctic is definitely the polar bear, who have adapted to the cold and extreme weather. Some other hardy animals, like arctic foxes, live there too, and you can find wales, walruses, and seals swimming in the Arctic Ocean.
The Arctic is formed of continually shifting sheets of sea-ice, surrounded by land. The sea ice is super important to the creatures that live in the Arctic. Polar bears need sea ice to hunt, and raise their families. But sea ice is melting, fast. This is due to climate change which is caused by humans using fossil fuels.
Here at YWPF we work with our partner organisation, Polar Bears International
who are working really hard to save polar bears and their sea ice home.