Polar Bears

The ‘canary in the coal mine’ of climate change
Number left in the wild
26000
Populations may collapse by
2100
m2 of sea ice lost since 1979
83,700
Whilst polar bears might look cute and cuddly on your Christmas card, they are actually pretty tough. I mean, you’d have to be to live in the Arctic, it’s freezing! Polar bears are designed to survive in the harshest of environments and they keep warm thanks to two layers of thick fur and nearly 10cm of blubber under the skin. They are the largest carnivores that live on land and they can weigh up to a humongous 680kg.

Even though polar bears can thrive in some of the toughest conditions on the planet, it is not the cold Arctic weather that’s causing them a problem. In fact, it is really quite the opposite! Climate change is making the planet warmer, which means the icy habitat that polar bears know and love has started to disappear. This is why our partners, Polar Bears International, are campaigning and fundraising to help protect polar bears, before it’s too late.

Their future is in our hands: all of us, individuals, communities, businesses and governments must work to significantly reduce greenhouse gasses. It is by doing this that polar bears, and their Arctic home, will be saved.
Vulnerable

Threats

Habitat loss:

Polar bears are at home on the sea ice. They use it to find their food, have their cubs, and sometimes den. Sea ice is melting, meaning polar bears have less space to live. If this continues, the ice will completely disappear – especially during warmer times, such as the summer. We will see less polar bears in less areas of the Arctic, and they will be at risk of extinction.

Climate change:

Global climate change, caused by burning fossil fuels, is melting the polar bears’ sea ice home. The key to saving sea ice – and polar bears – is getting the climate back to acting the way it should, through a reduction in the use of fossil fuels.

Working with

Polar Bears

YWPF works with its partners Polar Bears International to protect polar bears.

Conservation, welfare and education:

Project Polar is the YWPF’s flagship initiative. Working in association with Yorkshire Wildlife Park and Polar Bears International, it is part of an international centre for conservation, rehabilitation and research to improve the welfare of polar bears in captivity and in the wild. Project Polar helps to educate people about the serious threats that polar bears are facing and contributes to education programmes in Canada, Greenland, Russia and Norway.

Conservation for species impacted by climate change:

YWPF has been a key player in working with the International Union for Conservation of Nature [IUCN] to produce its `Guidelines for Assessing Species Vulnerability to Climate Change’, a landmark report warning of the impact of shifting weather patterns on wildlife and global biodiversity. These standards will help conservation campaigners and projects in the battle to ensure species are not lost through climate change.

Research into denning behaviour:

Denning is the process by which pregnant mothers dig a large hole to create a den in which she gives birth and then comes out after three months. During this time, the mother survives using reserved fat in the body. YWPF supports a vital research project, undertaken by its partners, Polar Bears International in Svalbard, looking into the effects of climate change on polar bears’ denning behaviour, and the extent to which the loss of sea ice is affecting mothers and cubs.

Funding for education programmes

Education and learning programmes are really important tools in helping people to understand challenges and change their attitudes and behaviours. YWPF funds a Polar Bears International education programme, which aims to educate communities – especially school children living in the range states of wild polar bears in Canada, Greenland and Russia – in the importance of looking after these amazing animals.

Facts

It’s not just two thick layers or fur and 10cm of blubber that helps to keep polar bears warm. They also have a small tail and tiny ears to prevent heat loss. This keeps them nice and toasty!

Despite their substantial weight polar bears are incredibly quick, reaching speeds of up to 40 kmph (25 mph) on land and 10 kmph (6mph) in the water.

Seven Worlds, One Planet

Our work with polar bears takes place across the Arctic.

Keep up to date with YWPF

Sign up to keep up to date with us, and our partner organisations. Find out how you can help through fundraising, events and more. You can unsubscribe at any time.