Panthera pardus orientalis


Panthera pardus orientalis


Native to East Russia and North East China, the beautiful Amur Leopard is the most endangered big cat in the world. At the turn of the millennium there were a mere 30 left in the wild but in 2018, the tally breached 100 for the first time in two decades. Living and hunting alone, the Amur leopard is a very skilful hunter, stalking their prey to within a striking distance of a few metres.

Yorkshire Wildlife Park is home to two Amur leopards, Drake and Freya. Freya gave birth to two cubs, Anadyr and Teva in 2016, both have since moved on to separate facilities. Leopard Heights (Yorkshire Wildlife Park’s Leopard reserve) is the largest Amur leopard facility in Europe. Designed as a purpose built breeding and reintroduction facility, it won the BIAZA (British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums) award for Significant Advances in Husbandry and Welfare.

The Amur Leopard is the only big cat with a reintroduction programme approved by the IUCN and all the Amur Leopards in zoos and parks worldwide are being bred in a programme towards this reintroduction.

Amur Leopards Critically Endangered


Affected by: Habitat Loss, Poaching & Human Conflict

Amur Leopards are critically endangered, found only in Eastern Russia and North East China.

Funds are desperately needed to ensure this beautiful species are around for many more years!



Yorkshire Wildlife Park Foundation are proud supporters of the WildCats Alliance, a charity committed to the conservation of both Amur Leopards and Tigers in Eastern Russia.


Rangers at Yorkshire Wildlife Park regularly hold fundraising collections at talks at Leopard Heights, where YWP’s Amur Leopards Drake and Freya are part of an international breeding programme, with the ultimate aim of reintroducing offspring back into the wild. On the 28th June 2015, Yorkshire Wildlife Park welcomed the birth of two Amur leopard cubs, Anadyr and Teva. These cubs have now moved to other collections in France and the US to play their own part in this critical breeding programme.

Conditions have stabilised and the WildCats Alliance recently announced plans for a re-introduction in the Lazovsky Nature Reserve in Southern Sikhote Alin, an area where leopards disappeared approximately 30 years ago. Improved conservation efforts in Russia and China combined with an increase in the leopards’ traditional prey of sika deer has provided confidence that a new population numbers could rise over the next 15 years.

Amur Leopard Cub


YWPF also fund imperative monitoring of leopard populations across Far East Russia. WildCats have been successfully monitoring Amur leopard populations using camera traps since 2003, utilising the camera traps to identify leopard individuals by their unique pelage characteristics. This allows WildCats to monitor individual leopards over many years, estimate population density and trends over time and understand the rates of population turnover.


The habitat of the Amur leopard is under constant threat of forest fires. A recent analysis of the Kedrovaya Pad nature reserve has revealed that on average, 7% of the region burns annually and as much as 21% burned at least once during the six-year period. The money raised by YWPF goes to help repair and expand firebreak systems and further monitor areas affected by forest fires. WildCats Conservation Alliance expect to be able to reduce the area of the reserve that annually burns by 80%.


The poaching of Amur leopards is one of the major threats the species is facing. WildCats have operated a very successful mobile anti-poaching team since 1998, acting against all forms of poaching, as well as against illegal trade in animal parts. So far the team has drawn up over a thousand citations, seized more than 400 firearms and five skins or other leopard and tiger parts, and initiated over forty criminal proceedings. The anti-poaching team are vital to halt the decline of this critically endangered animal, however they need funds to continue their amazing work!